MALCOLM BRADBURY writer and critic

LIST OF WORKS

  • Contemporary American Fiction
  • Dangerous Pilgrimages
  • The Modern American Novel
  • The Modern British Novel
  • Modernism
  • From Puritanism to Postmodernism
  • The Modern World

LIST OF WORKS

Critical Books

EVELYN WAUGH
[critical study]. Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd {Writers and Critics series), 1962.

WHAT IS A NOVEL?
[introductory study]. London, Edward Arnold {General Studies series], 1969.

{Edited with E. Mottram and J. Franco}, THE PENGUIN COMPANION TO LITERATURE, 3: AMERICAN AND LATIN-AMERICAN. [reference work substantially written by the editors.] Harmondsworth, Allen Lane, 1971, and Penguin, 1971. USA reissue as THE AVENAL COMPANION TO ENGLISH AND AMERICAN LITERATURE (New York, Avenal, 1981).

THE SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE [cultural study].
Oxford, Blackwell, 1971. New York, Schocken, 1971. {Hard and paper.}

POSSIBILITIES: ESSAYS ON THE STATE OF THE NOVEL
[critical essays on fiction from 18th c. to present]. London/New York, Oxford University Press, 1972. {Hard and paper.}

{Ed. with J.W. McFarlane}, MODERNISM: 1890-1930
[major survey of European modernism]. Harmondsworth, Penguin (Pelican Guides to European Literature), 1976. Brighton/New Jersey, Harvester/Humanities Press, 1978 [hardback].. Rev. ed., 1986, new rev. ed., 1991.

THE OUTLAND DART: AMERICAN WRITERS AND EUROPEAN MODERNISM.
London, Oxford University Press for British Academy, 1978. {Sarah Tryphena Phillips Lecture in American Literature and History.}

{Ed. with Howard Temperley}, INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN STUDIES
[edited interdisciplinary anthology of original essays]. London/New York, Longman, 1981 [hard and paper]. Revised edition, 1989. New revised edition, 1997. (Various translations.)

THE EXPATRIATE TRADITION IN AMERICAN LITERATURE.
Durham, British Association for American Studies Pamphlet 9, 1982.

SAUL BELLOW
[critical study]. London/New York, Methuen (Contemporary Writers series), 1983.

THE MODERN AMERICAN NOVEL
[critical study of Am. fiction 1890 to present]. London/New York, Oxford University Press, 1983. Paperback, 1984. Revised edition, London, OUP, 1992; New York, Penguin, 1992. Second revised edition, OUP, 1995. (Various translations.)

NO, NOT BLOOMSBURY
[collected essays]. London, Deutsch, 1987. New York, Columbia University Press, 1988. London, Arena, 1989 {paperback reissue}.

THE MODERN WORLD: TEN GREAT WRITERS.
London, Secker & Warburg, 1988. New York, Viking Penguin, 1989. London/New York, Penguin, 1989 {paperback reissue}. {This book derived from work on the Channel 4 tv series of the same title for which I was literary adviser.}

{With Richard Ruland}, FROM PURITANISM TO POSTMODERNISM: A HISTORY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE. London, Routledge, 1991. New York, Viking Penguin, 1991. London/New York, Penguin, 1992 {paperback reissue}. (Various translations.)

THE MODERN BRITISH NOVEL
[Study of British fiction, 1876-present]. London, Secker and Warburg, 1993; New York, Viking Penguin (forthcoming). Penguin, 1994 (paperback reissue).

DANGEROUS PILGRIMAGES: TRANS-ATLANTIC MYTHOLOGIES AND THE NOVEL.
London, Secker and Warburg, 1995; New York, Viking, 1996. Penguin paperback, 1996.

(Editor and major contributor), THE ATLAS OF LITERATURE.
London and New York, De Agostini, 1966.

STEPPING WESTWARD: FROM LITERARY CRITICISM TO LITERARY THEORY.
Institute of US Studies, London (Cleanth Brooks Lecture), 1999.

Edited Collections of Criticism

E.M. FORSTER: A COLLECTION OF CRITICAL ESSAYS.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J. Prentice-Hall (Twentieth Century Views series), 1965.

E.M. FORSTER'S A PASSAGE TO INDIA: A CASEBOOK.
London, Macmillan, 1970. Various reissues.

Series Edited

Stratford-Upon-Avon Studies (Edward Arnold, London, edited with David Palmer)

No 11, METAPHYSICAL POETRY (1970; Bloomington, Indiana UP, 1971); No. 12, CONTEMPORARY CRITICISM (1971); No 13, THE AMERICAN NOVEL AND THE 1920s (1971); No 14, SHAKESPEAREAN COMEDY (1972); NO 15, VICTORIAN POETRY (1972); No 16. MEDIEVAL DRAMA (with Neville Denny) (1973); No 17, DECADENCE AND THE 1890s (with Ian Fletcher) (1979); No 18, THE CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH NOVEL (1979); No 19, CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH DRAMA (with Chris Bigsby) (1981); No 20, SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY (1984); (n.s.), CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN FICTION (with Sigmund Ro) (1987).

Contemporary Writers (Methuen, London/New York, edited with Chris Bigsby)

A series of 30 commissioned titles on an international range of contemporary writers.

Critical Editions

Mark Twain, PUDD'NHEAD WILSON
[intro., edited text and apparatus]. London, Penguin, 1969.

Stephen Crane, THE RED BADGE OF COURAGE
[intro., text, apparatus]. London, Dent {Everyman Library}, 1983, revised 1993.

F. Scott Fitzgerald, THE GREAT GATSBY
[intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman, 1991, rev. ed., 1994.

Ford Madox Ford, PARADE'S END
[intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman, 1992.

Ernest Hemingway, A FAREWELL TO ARMS
[intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman, 1993.

Aldous Huxley, CHROME YELLOW
[intro.]. London, Flamingo, 1994.

Washington Irving, THE SKETCH-BOOK OF GEOFFREY CRAYON, GENT.
[intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman Library, 1993.

Nathaniel Hawthorne, THE BLITHEDALE ROMANCE
[intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman Library, 1993.

Nathaniel Hawthorne, THE MARBLE FAUN [intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman Library, 1995.

Joseph Heller, CATCH-22
[intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman, 1995.

Mark Twain, THE 1,000,000 BANK-NOTE AND OTHER NEW STORIES
(Introduction). New York and London, Oxford University Press (The Oxford Mark Twain), 1996.

Henry James, THE AMERICAN
[intro., apparatus]. London, Everyman Library, 1997.

Leo Tolstoy, ANNA KARENINA
[intro.]. London, Oxford University Press, 1998.

Introductions to Books

"Anglo-American Literature,"
intro. to Geoffrey Grigson (ed.), CONCISE ENCYLOPEDIA OF MODERN WORLD LITERATURE. London, Hutchinson, 1963.

"A Review in Retrospect,"
intro. to THE CALENDAR OF MODERN LETTERS, 1925-27. {3-vol. reissue of the famous review). London, Frank Cass, 1966.

"Introduction" to Mark Twain, PUDD'NHEAD WILSON.
Harmondsworth, Penguin (Penguin English Library), 1969. pp. 9-49.

"Introduction" to William Cooper, SCENES FROM PROVINCIAL LIFE {reissue).
London, Macmillan, 1969. pp. i-xiv.

[with B.R. Wilson], "Introduction" to Robert Escarpit, THE SOCIOLOGY OF LITERATURE.
London, Frank Cass, 1971.

"Foreword" to Jay Halio (ed.), DICTIONARY OF LITERARY BIOGRAPHY, 14: BRITISH NOVELISTS SINCE 1960.
2 vols. Detroit, Gale, 1983). pp. xi-xviii

"Introduction" to Stephen Crane, THE RED BADGE OF COURAGE.
London, Dent {Everyman Library}, 1983. pp. v-xiii. {completely revised 1993}.

"Introduction" to Walter Abish, IN THE FUTURE PERFECT.
London, Faber, 1984.

"Introduction" to Sinclair Lewis, MAIN STREET.
Harmondsworth, Penguin {Penguin Modern Classics}, 1985. pp. 5-7.

"Foreword" to FIFTY PENGUIN YEARS.
Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1985. (50th anniversary volume). pp.7-9

"Introduction" to Laurie Taylor, PROFESSOR LAPPING SENDS HIS APOLOGIES: THE BEST OF LAURIE TAYLOR.
Trentham, Trentham Books, 1986.

"Preface" to Malcolm Bradbury and Sigmund Ro (eds.), CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN FICTION.
London, Edward Arnold (Stratford-Upon-Avon Studies, 2nd series), 1987. pp. v-xvii.

"New Introduction" to Edmund Wilson, PATRIOTIC GORE.
London, Hogarth Press, 1987. pp. v-xv.

"Introduction" to Holbrook Jackson, THE EIGHTEEN NINETIES.
London, Century Hutchinson {Cresset Library}, 1988. pp. xi-xix.

"Introduction" to George Orwell, ANIMAL FARM.
Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1989. pp. v-xvi.

"Introduction" (& bibliography, chronology) to Scott Fitzgerald, THE GREAT GATSBY.
London, Everyman's Library, 1991. pp. v-xxxv.

"Introduction" (& bibliography, chronology) to Ford Madox Ford, PARADE'S END.
London, Everyman's Library, 1992. pp. vii-xlv.

"Introduction" (& bibliography, chronology) to Ernest Hemingway, A FAREWELL TO ARMS.
London, Everyman's Library, 1993. pp. v-xlv.

"Introduction" (& edition), Washington Irving, THE SKETCH-BOOK OF GEOFFREY CRAYON, GENT.
London, Everyman, 1993. 334pp.

"Introduction" (& edition), Nathaniel Hawthorne, THE BLITHEDALE ROMANCE.
London, Everyman, 1993. 228pp.

"Introduction" to Aldous Huxley, CHROME YELLOW
(London, Flamingo Modern Classics, 1994).

"Introduction" (& edition), Nathaniel Hawthorne, THE MARBLE FAUN.
London, Everyman, 1995. 400pp.

"Introduction" (& edition), Henry James, THE AMERICAN.
London, Everyman, 1996.

"Introduction" to Joseph Heller, CATCH-22.
London, Everyman's Library, 1995, pp. vii-xxvi.

"Introduction" to Mark Twain, THE 1,000,000 BANK-NOTE
(The Oxford Mark Twain)

"Preface" to CONTEMPORARY NOVELISTS.
Colorado, St. James Press, 1996.

"Introduction" to Dorothea Brande, BECOMING A WRITER.
London, Macmillan, 1996.

Chapters contributed to Books

"The Beat Generation: A Very Exclusive Club."
Alfred Kazin (ed.), THE OPEN FORM: ESSAYS FOR OUR TIME. New York, Harcourt Brace, 1961.

"The New Language of Morals."
Lucile Clifton and Alexander MacGibbon, COMPOSITION: AN APPROACH THROUGH READING. New York, Harcourt Brace, 1968).

"An Ironic Romantic: Three Readings in Wallace Stevens."
J.R. Brown & B. Harris (eds), AMERICAN POETRY. London, Arnold {Stratford-Upon-Avon Studies, 7), 1963. pp. 154-73.

"Two Passages to India: E.M. Forster as Victorian and Modern."
O. Stallybrass (ed), ASPECTS OF E.M. FORSTER. London, Arnold, 1969. pp. 123-42.

"John Fowles' The Magus."
Brom Weber (ed), SENSE AND SENSIBILITY IN TWENTIETH CENTURY WRITING. Carbondale/London, Southern Illinois University Press, 1970. pp. 26-38.

"The Novel in the 1920s."
B. Bergonzi (ed), SPHERE HISTORY OF LITERATURE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, Vol 7: THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. London, Sphere/Barrie and Rockcliff, 1970. pp. 180-221.

"Literature and Sociology."
A.R. Humphreys (ed), ESSAYS AND STUDIES 1970. London, Murray {for the English Association}, 1970.

"Introduction: The State of Criticism Today."
Malcolm Bradbury and David Palmer (eds.), CONTEMPORARY CRITICISM. London, Edward Arnold (Stratford-Upon-Avon Studies, 12), 1970. pp. 10-37.

"Style of Life, Style of Art and the American Novel in the 1920s."
Malcolm Bradbury and David Palmer (eds.), THE AMERICAN NOVEL AND THE NINETEEN TWENTIES. London, Edward Arnold (Stratford-Upon-Avon Studies, 13), 1971.

pp. 10-35.

"The Comic Novel in Sterne and Fielding."
A.H. Cash and J. Stedmond (eds), THE WINGED SKULL: BICENTENARY CONFERENCE PAPERS ON LAURENCE STERNE. Kent, Ohio/London, Kent State UP/Methuen, 1971. pp. 124-31.

"The Art of Novel Writing, 1945-70."
A.N.J. Den Hollander (ed), DIVERGING PARALLELS: AMERICA AS COMPARED WITH EUROPEAN THOUGHT AND ACTION. Leiden, Brill, 1971. pp. 41-64.

{with B. Heading and M. Hollis}, "The Man and the Mask: A Discussion of Role-Theory."
J.A. Jackson (ed), ROLE Cambridge, Cambridge UP (Sociological Studies 4), 1972. pp. 41-64.

"The Novel."
C.B. Cox and A.E. Dyson (eds), THE TWENTIETH CENTURY MIND, Vol 3: 1945-65. London/New York, Oxford UP, 1972. pp. 319-85.

"'Years of the Modern': The Rise of Realism and Naturalism." M. Cunliffe (ed), SPHERE HISTORY OF LITERATURE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, Vol 8: AMERICAN LITERATURE TO 1900. London, Sphere/Barrie and Rockliff, 1973. pp. 355-90. {Entirely revised for new edition, 1986}.

"Evelyn Waugh and America."
D. Pryce-Jones (ed), EVELYN WAUGH AND HIS WORLD. London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1973. pp. 165-82.

"Forster." A.E. Dyson (ed), THE ENGLISH NOVEL: SELECT BIOGRAPHICAL GUIDES. London, Oxford UP, 1974. pp. 314-33.

"The American Risorgimento: The Coming of the New Arts."
M. Cunliffe (ed), THE SPHERE HISTORY OF LITERATURE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, Vol 9: AMERICAN LITERATURE SINCE 1900. London, Sphere/Barrie and Rockcliff, 1975. pp. 17-47. {Entirely revised for new edition, 1987}.

"The Denuded Place: War and Form in Parade's End and USA."
H. Klein (ed), THE FIRST WORLD WAR IN FICTION. London, Macmillan, 1976. pp. 193-209.

"The Future of American Studies."
R. Winks (ed), OTHER VOICES, OTHER VIEWS: AN INTERNATIONAL COLLECTION OF ESSAYS FROM THE BICENTENNIAL. Westport, Conn/London, Greenwood Press, 1978. pp. 31-41.

"'The Nightmare In Which I'm Trying to Get a Good Night's Rest' Saul Bellow and Changing History."
E. Shraepen (ed), SAUL BELLOW AND HIS WORK. Brussels, Vrije Universiteit, 1978. pp. 11-30.

"Putting in the Person: Character and Abstraction in Current Writing and Painting."
Malcolm Bradbury and David Palmer (eds.), THE CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH NOVEL. London, Edward Arnold (Stratford-Upon-Avon Studies, 18), 1979), pp. 180-208.

"New Methods of Cultural Study."
G. Amirthanayagam (ed), ASIAN AND WESTERN WRITERS IN DIALOGUE: NEW CULTURAL IDENTITIES. London, Macmillan, 1982.

"Jane Austen's Emma."
B. Ford (ed), NEW PELICAN GUIDE TO ENGLISH LITERATURE, Vol 5: FROM BLAKE TO BYRON. Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1982. pp. 172-86.

"Modernisms/Postmodernisms."
I. & S. Hassan (eds), INNOVATION/RENOVATION: NEW PERSPECTIVES IN THE HUMANITIES. Madison/London, U. of Wisconsin Press, 1983. pp. 311-28.

"The Impact of Literary Theory."
IDEAS FROM FRANCE: THE LEGACY OF FRENCH THEORY. London, Institute for Contemporary Arts, 1985. pp. 7-9.

"Persons of Letters."
H. Maes-Jelinek, P. Michel, P. Michel-Michot (eds), MULTIPLE WORLDS, MULTIPLE WORDS: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF IRENE SIMON. Liege, University of Liege, 1987. pp. 5-14.

"The Contemporary English Novel."
VIATGES A L'INTERIO DE LA NOVEL.LA. Lleida, Spain, Cicle de Conferiencies, 1987. pp. 39-53.

"Neo-Realist Fiction."
E. Elliott (ed), THE COLUMBIA LITERARY HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. New York, Columbia UP, 1988. pp. 1126-41.

"Persuasion."
Repr. in Boris Ford (ed.), PELICAN GUIDE TO ENGLISH LITERATURE, Vol 7., "From Blake to Byron."

"The Telling Life: Some Thoughts on Literary Biography."
E. Homberger and J. Charmley (eds), THE TROUBLED FACE OF BIOGRAPHY. London, Macmillan, 1988. pp. 131-40.

"Angus Wilson."
Text for Book Trust pamphlet. London, The Book Trust and the British Council, 1990.

"Ford Madox Ford's Opening World: A Story of the Modern Movement."
M. Irwin, M. Kinkead-Weeks & A.R. Lee (eds), TENSIONS AND TRANSITIONS, 1869-1990: THE MEDIATING IMAGINATION. London, Faber, 1990. pp. 1-26.

"The Media and the Literary."
R. Carver (ed), ARIEL AT BAY: CRITICS' FORUM FESTSCHRIFT FOR PHILIP FRENCH. Manchester, Carcanet, 1990. pp. 40-2.

"Malcolm Bradbury (on Arthur Miller)."
C.W.E. Bigsby (ed), ARTHUR MILLER AND COMPANY. London/Norwich, Methuen/Arthur Miller Centre, 1990. pp. 184-6.

"American Literature and the Coming of World War 2."
S. Ickringill (ed), LOOKING INWARD LOOKING OUTWARD: FROM THE 1930s THROUGH THE 1940s. Amsterdam, VU Press {European Contributions to American Studies 18), 1990, pp. 8-21.

"Campus Fictions."
D. Bevan (ed), UNIVERSITY FICTION. Amsterdam/Atlanta, Rodopi, 1991. pp. 49-55. {Reprinted article.}

"The Nonhomemade World: European and American Modernism."
D.J. Singal (ed), MODERNIST CULTURE IN AMERICA. Belmont, Cal., Wadsworth American Culture and Society Series, 1991. pp. 28-41.

"A Rogue Among Detectives: Transcendentalism, Irony and American Culture."
B.H. Reid and J. White (eds), AMERICAN STUDIES: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF MARCUS CUNLIFFE. London, Macmillan, 1991. pp. 146-71.

"Saul Bellow's Intellectual Heroes."
G. Bach (ed), SAUL BELLOW AT 75: A COLLECTION OF CRITICAL ESSAYS. Tubingen, Gunter Narr, 1991. pp. 33-40.

"Washington Irving's Europe."
S.G. Fernandez-Corugedo, M. Socorro Suarez, & J. Tazon (eds), STUDIA PATRICIA SHAW OBLATA, Vol. 3. Oviedo, Oviedo University, 1991. pp. 80-95.

"Writing Fiction in the 90s."
Kristiaan Versluys (ed), NEO-REALISM IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN FICTION. Amsterdam: Rodopi, Postmodern Studies 5, 1992. pp. 13-25.

"La Independencia Literaria Estadounidense."
John H. Elliott (ed.), EUROPA AMERICA 1492-1992: LA HISTORIA REVISADA. Madrid, El Pais, 1992. pp. 108-11.

"Graceful Combinations."
Clare Boylan (ed.), THE AGONY AND THE EGO: THE ART AND STRATEGY OF FICTION WRITING EXPLORED. London, Penguin, 1993. pp. 55-63.

"Laurence Sterne: Shandy Hall, Coxwold, N. Yorkshire."
Kate Marsh (ed.), WRITERS AND THEIR HOUSES: A GUIDE TO THE WRITERS' HOUSES OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, WALES AND IRELAND: ESSAYS BY MODERN WRITERS. London, Hamish Hamilton, 1993. pp. 403-414.

"The Novelist and Television Drama."
Thomas Elsaesser, Jan Simons & Lucette Bronk (eds.), WRITING FOR THE MEDIUM: TELEVISION IN TRANSITION. Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press, 1994. pp. 98-106.

"Re-Presenting the Present: After the Cold War"
(on writing fiction in the 90s). Gerhard Hoffmann and Alfred Hornung (eds.), AFFIRMATION AND NEGATION IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN CULTURE. Heidelberg, Universitatsverlag C. Winter, 1994, pp. 165-176.

"Postmodernism, the Novel and the TV Medium, 1 and 2."
Heide Ziegler (ed.), THE END OF POSTMODERNISM: NEW DIRECTIONS. (Proceedings of the 1st Stuttgart Seminar in Cultural Studies, 1991). Stuttgart, M & P Verlag, 1995, pp. 81-100, and 115-134.

"Europe as Fiction."
Soren Molstrom (ed.), TO BE OR NOT TO BE EUROPEAN: A LOUISIANA DEBATE ON MODERN ART AND CULTURE, JUNE 1994. Copenhagen, The Eleni Nakou Foundation/ Gyldendal, 1995, pp. 27-34.

Malcolm Bradbury – Contributions to Periodicals and Magazines

[This represents a selection from the many critical and scholarly articles and general essays (some of these under pseudonyms), newspaper pieces, humorous essays and several hundred reviews contributed to reviews, magazines and newspapers internationally since the mid-1950s. Over this period I have been at various times a regular reviewer or contributor in several journals, including The Guardian, The Observer, The Sunday Times, Punch, and The New York Times Book Review. Only a proportion of my reviews has been listed. There were also a fair number of poems which have not been traced back.]

Review of Edmund Wilson, FIVE PLAYS.
THE SPECTATOR, 6563 (April 9, 1954), p. 446.

Review of Marcus Cunliffe, THE LITERATURE OF THE UNITED STATES.
THE SPECTATOR, 6567 (May 7, 1954), pp. 560-62.

Review of William Van O'Connor, THE TANGLED FIRE OF WILLIAM FAULKNER.
THE SPECTATOR, 6578 (July 23, 1954), p. 126.

"Mark Twain's Life" (review of Jerry Allen, THE ADVENTURES OF MARK TWAIN).
THE SPECTATOR, 6606 (February 4, 1955), p. 136.

Review of C.A. Fenton, THE APPRENTICESHIP OF ERNEST HEMINGWAY.
THE SPECTATOR, 6625 (June 17, 1955), p. 779.

Review of G.G. Van Deusen, HORACE GREELEY.
THE SPECTATOR, 6632 (August 5, 1995), p. 205.

"Some Contemporary English Poets."
FOLIO (USA), XXI, 2 (Spring 1956), pp. 10-15. {Introduction and editorial control of a new and specially selected anthology of 13 new British poets, including Elizabeth Jennings, John Wain, Donald Davie, Laurence Lerner, Anthony Thwaite and George Macbeth, many appearing for the first time in the USA}

Reviews of poetry for LISTEN,
1956-62.

"The Criticism of F.R. Leavis."
ANTIOCH REVIEW, XVI, 4 (Winter 1956), pp. 469-77.

"A Visit to Ezra Pound" (visiting Pound in St. Elizabeth's, Washington).
TWENTIETH CENTURY, CLIX, 952 (June 1956), pp. 604-6.

"Sex, Success and Sympathy: Values among American College Freshmen"
(on freshman attitudes at Indiana University in Fifties). TWENTIETH CENTURY, CLXI, 960 (February 1957), pp. 116-124.

"Henry Miller as Expatriate."
GEMINI, I,3 (Autumn 1957), pp. 49-57.

"Applications Are Invited... : Academic Jobchasing in America."
TIMES EDUCATIONAL SUPPLEMENT, 2221 (December 13, 1957), p. iv.

"The American Tradition in the Novel."
GEMINI, I, 4 (Winter 1957), pp. 55-61.

"The Criterion: A Literary Review in Retrospect."
LONDON MAGAZINE, V, 2 (February 1958), pp. 46-57.

"Muddle in the Middle West" (humour).
MADEMOISELLE (May 1958), p. 120, 149.

"The English Review under Ford Madox Hueffer."
LONDON MAGAZINE, V,8 (August 1958), pp. 46-57.

"Horizon and the English 1940s."
GEMINI, II, 6 (Spring 1959), pp. 20-4.

"A Note on the English Intellectuals' Situation."
ENQUIRY, Spring 1959.

"My Italy" (humour).
THE TATLER, 29 April, 1959, pp. 249-51.

"Botching Life Up" (review of John Wain, A TRAVELLING WOMAN).
NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (24 May, 1959), p. 5.

"English Literary Periodicals Today."
SATURDAY REVIEW (USA) 918 July 1959), pp. 11-2, 40.

"The Beat Generation: A Very Exclusive Club."
(lead review of Lipton, THE HOLY BARBARIANS). THE REPORTER, 21, 1 (9July 1959), pp. 40-42. {This essay was reprinted in Alfred Kazin, THE OPEN FORM, New York, 1961)

"Beating the World to the Punch"
(review of Alan Sillitoe, SATURDAY NIGHT AND SUNDAY MORNING). THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (16 Aug, 1959), pp. 4-5.

"A Song In His Pocket"
(story with Barry Spacks, publ. under his name). PLAYBOY, 6,9 (September, 1959), pp. 87-8, 100-102.

"Memoirs of a Niggling Young Man" (humour).
VOGUE (USA) (November 1, 1959), pp. 186-88.

"La Moore The Merrier" (humour, with Barry Spacks).
GENT, 4, 2 (December 1959), pp. 46-8, 63-66.

Review of THE AMERICAN IMAGINATION (TLS special issue).
THE LONDON MAGAZINE, 7, 2 (February 1960), pp. 67-70.

"More Opposite Than Ever" (humour).
CORONET (May, 1960), pp. 33-36.

"I Was a Teenage Nietzsche" (humour).
THE QUEEN (May 11, 1960), p. 164.

"Drip and Hang Up to Dry" (humour).
HARPER'S, 220, 131 (June 1960), pp. 87-90.

"Who Is Any of Us?" (humour).
VOGUE (USA) (June 1, 1960), pp. 112-3, 156.

"Where Typical English is Tops" (humour).
THE TATLER (22 June 1960), p. 666.

Review of H. Beaver (ed.),
AMERICAN CRITICAL ESSAYS; W. and H. Burnett, FICTION OF A GENERATION; THE CHICAGO REVIEW ANTHOLOGY. THE LONDON MAGAZINE, 7, 6 (June 1960), pp. 66-9.

(Under pen-name Luther Stewart, with B. Spacks) "The Seventy-Nine Cent Spread" (humour).
ATLANTIC MONTHLY (June and July 1960), pp. 152-54.

Review of James Purdy, MALCOLM, and other novels.
THE LONDON MAGAZINE, 7,7 (July 1960), pp. 81-84.

"Department of Amplification" (humor).
THE NEW YORKER (July 2 1960), pp. 58-62.

"The Idea of a Literary Elite."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, II,3 (Aut.,, 1960), pp. 233-8.

"New! New! The Cigarette You Can Eat!"
ENGLISH DIGEST, LXIII, 4 (October 1960), pp. 15-18.

"No to Cannibalism" (humour).
THE QUEEN (October 12, 1960), pp. 110-11.

"Do All American Cooks Own Drivers' Licences?"
(humour). VOGUE (USA) (December 1960), pp. 95.

"All the Nice Girls Love a Scholar"
(humour). THE NEW YORKER (December 17, 1960), pp. 141-148.

{with Dudley Andrew}, "The Sugar Beet Generation: A Note in English Intellectual History."
TEXAS QUARTERLY, III,4 (Winter 1961), pp. 85-95.

"Angles on Saxons: 1, Arthur Mizener; 2, Malcolm Bradbury."
THE KENYON REVIEW, XXIII, 1 (Winter 1961), pp. 159-172. (Debate about Martin Green's A MIRROR FOR ANGLO-SAXONS).

{with B.R. Wilson}, "The Away Game: Why Young Writers Emigrate."
TWENTIETH CENTURY, CLIX, 1007 (January 1961), pp. 69-80.

"My Wife Is English, Thank Heaven" (humour).
CORONET (March, 1961), pp. 40-44.

"The New Easter Parade (Aldermaston)" (humour).
THE TATLER (29 March 1961), pp. 647-51.

"The Scales of Criticism"
(essay-review of essays by Conrad Aiken and Stephen Vincent Benet). TIME AND TIDE (30 March 1961), p. 529.

"Can We Bring Back the Old Fashioned Bank Robber?"
(humour). HARPER'S MAGAZINE (April 1961), pp. 37-39.

"All the Nice Girls Love a Scholar"
(humour). ABOUT TOWN, 2, 5 (May 1961), pp. 70-71.

"Survivors"
(review of American lit magazines). TIME AND TIDE (6 July 1961), p. 1123.

"Is Travel Ready for People?"
(humour). VOGUE (USA) (September 1, 1961), pp. 242, 255-6.

"The Calendar of Modern Letters."
LONDON MAGAZINE, n.s. 1,7 (October 1961), pp.37-46. {This essay was reprinted as intro. to THE CALENDAR OF MODERN LETTERS, London, Cass, 1966.}

"Duet"
(review of several humorous books). TIME AND TIDE (19 Oct 1961), p. 1758.

'The Taste for Anarchy"
(reprinted BBC Home Service talk). THE LISTENER, LXVII, 1717 (February 22, 1962), pp. 323-24.

"Wanting Names for Things"
(poem). THE LISTENER, LIXVII, 1724 (April 12, 1962), p. 641.

(with B.R. Wilson, "The Writing on the Redbrick Wall"
(on the planned expansion of universities). THE SUNDAY TIMES, MAGAZINE SECTION (March 25, 1962), p. 25.

"Iris Murdoch's Under the Net."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, IV,1 (Spring 1962), pp. 47-54. (Reprinted much revised in POSSIBILITIES.)

"The Taste For Anarchy"
(lead article on culture). SATURDAY REVIEW (June 30, 1962), pp. 10-12, 49. (Version of LISTENER article.)

"A Jaundiced View"
(Iris Murdoch parody). THE GUARDIAN (2 July, 1962), p. 7.

"Tough at the Top"
(John Braine parody). THE GUARDIAN (16 July, 1962), p. 7.

"Room at the Bottom"
(Alan Sillitoe parody). THE GUARDIAN (23 July, 1962), p. 5.

"Literary Culture in England Today."
THE LISTENER (9 August, 1962), p. 209.

"Edwardian Moral Comedies"
(review of Ada Leverson, THE LITTLE OTTLEYS). SUNDAY TIMES (August 19, 1962), p. 20.

E.M. Forster's Howards End."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, IV,3 (Autumn 1962), pp. 229-41. (Reprinted much revised in E.M. FORSTER; A COLLECTION OF CRITICAL ESSAYS, Englewood Cliffs, 1965).

"The Debunker's Journal"
(on H.L. Mencken). THE LISTENER, LXVIII, 1949 (October 4, 1962), p. 529.

"The Last Romantic"
(review of Andrew Turnbull, SCOTT FITZGERALD). THE LISTENER, LXVIII, 1752 (October 25, 1962), pp. 679-80.

"Jane Austen's Emma."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, IV,4 (Winter 1962), pp. 335-46. (Reprinted in revised form in D. Lodge (ed), EMMA: A COLLECTION OF CRITICAL ESSAYS, London, 1968; in POSSIBILITIES; and in B. Ford (ed), THE NEW PELICAN GUIDE TO ENGLISH LITERATURE, 7, Harmondsworth, 1982.)

{with B.R. Wilson}, "Artists Without Art."
TEXAS QUARTERLY, V,4 (Winter 1962), pp. 11-21.

"My Fifties"
(humour). SUNDAY TIMES, COLOUR SECTION (1962), pp. 22-3.

"Recent Novels."
CRITICAL SURVEY, I,1 (1962), pp. 7-9.

"Recent American Novels."
CRITICAL SURVEY, I,2 (1963), pp. 70-2.

"Living with a Motorway"
(humour). SHOW (USA), 3, 1 (January 1963), pp. 12-13.

Review of Mark Schorer, SINCLAIR LEWIS.
THE LISTENER, LXIX, 1774 (March 28, 1963), pp. 563-64.

"The First Nymphet?" (on a precursor to Nabokov's Lolita).
MADEMOISELLE (May 1963), pp. 182-3, 208-9.

Review of Dwight Macdonald, AGAINST THE AMERICAN GRAIN.
THE LISTENER, LXIX, 1784 (June 6, 1963), p. 971.

"Our One Great Hope: Redbrick 10 Years After Lucky Jim."
TOWN (June 1963), pp. 70-73.

Review of Leslie Fiedler, NO IN THUNDER.
THE LISTENER, LXX, 1790 (July 18, 1963), pp. 101-2.

Review of J. Korg, GEORGE GISSING; A CRITICAL BIOGRAPHY.
THE SPECTATOR, 7047 (July 19, 1963), p. 88.

"Aspects of the City"
(review of W. Schneider, BABYLON IS EVERYWHERE). YORKSHIRE POST (25 July 1963), p. 4.

"Saul Bellow's The Victim."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, V,2 (Summer 1963), pp. 119-28.

"Under the Symbol"
(review of Iris Murdoch, THE UNICORN). THE SPECTATOR, 7054 (Sept 6, 1963), p. 295.

"American Gothic"
(review of W. Bittner, POE: A BIOGRAPHY). THE LISTENER, LXX, 1806 (Sept 7, 1963), p. 763.

"Saul Bellow and the Naturalist Tradition."
REVIEW OF ENGLISH LITERATURE, IV,4 (October 1963), pp. 80-92.

"The Rise of the Redbrick"
(article for feature on international universities). HOLIDAY, 34, 8 (November 1963), pp. 84-87.

(Review of Angus Wilson, THE WILD GARDEN.)
THE LISTENER, LXX, 1809 (28 Nov, 1963), pp. 892-4.

{with Arnold Goldman}, "Stephen Crane: Classic at the Crossroads."
BULLETIN OF THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR AMERICAN STUDIES, n.s. VI (1963), pp. 42ff.

"A Short Guide to Forster Studies."
CRITICAL SURVEY, 2,1 (1963), pp. 113-5.

"The New Language of Morals" (on recent political scandals).
TWENTIETH CENTURY, 172, 1018 (Summer 1963), pp. 77-84.

(Review of A. Turnbull (ed.), LETTERS OF SCOTT FITZGERALD).
THE LISTENER, LXXI, 1835 (28 May 1964), 882.

"Gods That Failed" (on Ignazio Silone).
THE SPECTATOR, 7105 (Aug 28, 1964), p. 281.

"Two Cultures, Cont'd" (review of Martin Green, SCIENCE AND THE SHABBY CURATE OF POETRY).
THE SPECTATOR, 7114 (Oct 30, 1964), pp. 578-80.

"Grand Master" (review of Nabokov, THE DEFENCE).
THE SPECTATOR, 7116 (Nov 13, 1964), pp. 643-44.

"Opinion Please: From New Haven"
(humour). MADEMOISELLE (December 1964), pp. 40-2.

"The Critics" (lead review of various critical studies).
SPECTATOR, 7129 (12 Feb, 1965), p. 206.

Review of L. Fiedler, WAITING FOR THE END.
THE LISTENER, LXXIII, 1880 (Apr 8, 1965), pp. 529-30.

"Uncertainties of the British Intellectual."
(In "Intellectuals of the World" series). NEW SOCIETY, 117 (24 Dec, 1964), pp. 7-9.

The American Mind"
(review of Geoffrey Moore, AMERICAN LITERATURE). THE TEACHER, V, 15 (9 April 1965), p. 7.

"The Writer's Profession Today."
NEW SOCIETY (28 Apr 1965), pp. 24-5.

"English Fiction: Paperbacks"
(lead review). THE SUNDAY TIMES MAGAZINE (30 May 1965), p. 36.

"The Romantic Miss Murdoch"
(lead review on A.S. Byatt, DEGREES OF FREEDOM: THE NOVELS OF IRIS MURDOCH). THE SPECTATOR, 7158 (3 Sept, 1965), p. 293.

"Saul Bellow's Herzog."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, VII,3 (Autumn 1965), pp. 269-78.

"The Universities: Profit and Loss."
TWENTIETH CENTURY (Autumn 1965), pp. 58-59.

"I Have Answered Six Questions"
(teaching in USA). THE SPECTATOR, 7172 (10 Dec. 1965), p. 770-71/

"The Short Stories of Angus Wilson."
STUDIES IN SHORT FICTION, III,2 (Winter 1966), pp. 117-25.

"The Grape as Status Symbol"
(humour). HARPER'S BAZAAR, LXXII, 5 (February, 1966), pp. 52-53.

Review of R.H. Luce (ed.), FIFTY YEARS OF THE NEW REPUBLIC.
THE LISTENER, LXXV, 1924 (Feb 10, 1966), pp. 213-4.

Review of Michael Millgate, THE ACHIEVEMENT OF WILLIAM FAULKNER.
THE LISTENER, LXXV, 1928 (March 10, 1966), pp. 357-8.

Review of Paul Fussell, THE RHETORICAL WORLD OF AUGUSTAN HUMANISM, etc.
THE LISTENER, LXXV, 1932 (April 7, 1966), p. 514.

Review of R.W.B. Lewis, TRIALS OF THE WORD.
THE LISTENER, LXXV, 1935 (April 28, 1966), p. 624.

(Unsigned), "Americans in Europe"
(review of N. Wright, AMERICAN NOVELISTS IN ITALY, etc.). TLS, 3,351 (May 19, 1966), p. 456.

"Letter from the Campus: The Disenchanted."
THE SPECTATOR, 7199 (17 June 1966), p. 766.

"Bird's Eye View"
(lead review of Ann Birstein, SWEET BIRDS OF GORHAM, on the campus novel). THE REPORTER, 34, 13 (June 30, 1966), pp. 40-43.

"Behind the Warren Report"
(review of books on the Warren Commission.) THE LISTENER, LXXVI, 1957 (Sept 29, 1966), pp. 467-8.

"Style Meets Style"
(on Millicent Bell, EDITH WHARTON AND HENRY JAMES). THE LISTENER, LXXVI, 1963 (Nov 10, 1966), p. 700.

"The Language Novelists Use,"
KENYON REVIEW, XXIX,1 (Jan 1967), pp. 123-36.

Review of D.J. Enright, CONSPIRATORS AND POETS.
THE LISTENER, LXXVII, 1974 (Jan 26, 1967), p. 139.

"The Threat to Independence"
(policy on universities). THE SPECTATOR, 7233 (Feb 10, 1967), p. 159.

"Perceptions and Provocations"
(lead review of Martin Green, REAPPRAISALS and THE PROBLEM OF BOSTON). THE REPORTER, 36, 3 (February 9, 1967), pp. 55-57.

"Myths and Manners"
(on contemp. British novel). TLS, 3425 (Oct 19, 1967), pp. 983-4.

"Towards a Poetics of Fiction, 1: The Approach Through Structure."
NOVEL (USA), I,1 (Fall 1967), pp. 43-52. (Reprinted revised in POSSIBILITIES).

"Art and Reality in Stephen Crane."
JOURNAL OF AMERICAN STUDIES, I,2 (April 1968), pp. 117-20.

Review of Barbara Gerson, MACBIRD.
THE LISTENER, LXXVII, 1983 (March 30, 1967), p. 436.

Lead review of Alex Comfort, THE ANXIETY MAKERS.
THE LISTENER, LXXVIII, 1998 (13 July, 1967), p. 54.

Review of John Hawgood, THE AMERICAN WEST.
THE LISTENER, LXXVIII, 2000 (July 27, 1967), p. 120.

"Worried about Mary"
(review of D. Grumbach, THE COMPANY SHE KEPT, on Mary McCarthy). THE LISTENER, 78, 2012 (19 Oct 1967), p. 507.

"Sad Voyage"
(review of works by Hemingway). NEW STATESMAN (22 Mar, 1968), pp. 386-87.

"Art and Reality in Stephen Crane."
JOURNAL OF AMERICAN STUDIES, 1, 2 (April 1968), pp. 117-20.

"Sociology and Literature."
TLS, 3449 (4 Apr 1968) (Unsigned editorial for "Sociology Number"). p. 345.

"Rhythm and The Blue Review."
TLS (25 Apr 1968). ("Little Magazine Number").

"Poetry (Chicago)."
TLS (25 Apr 1968) ("Little Magazine Number").

"The Mugwump Syndrome"
(review of Larzer Ziff, THE AMERICAN 1890s). THE LISTENER, 79, 2035 (28 March 1968), pp. 412-13.

"Big Myth"
(review of A. Turnbull, THOMAS WOLFE: A BIOGRAPHY. NEW STATESMAN (31 May, 1968).

"Liberal Dilemmas"
(review of books on American intellectuals). NEW STATESMAN (21 June, 1968), pp. 840-42.

"The Arrival of American Literature"
(main article, "Teaching of English Literature no.") TLS, 2465 (25 Jul 1968), pp. 789-90.

"Antennae"
(on B. Bergonzi, INNOVATIONS). THE LISTENER, 80, 2060 (29 Sept 1968), p. 374.

"Persuasion Again."
ESSAYS IN CRITICISM, XVIII,4 (Oct 1968), pp. 383-96.

"Delayed Orgasm"
(review of Kingsley Amis, I WANT IT NOW). NEW STATESMAN (Oct 11, 1968), pp. 464-6.

Review, Thomas Hinde, HIGH. NEW STATESMAN
(Nov 8, 1968), pp. 638-39.

"The Crisis of Culture"
(lead review of F.R. and Q.D. Leavis, LECTURES IN AMERICA). NEW STATESMAN (Jan 31, 1969), p. 156.

"A Very Hospitable Person"
(story). IDEAL HOME (February 1969), pp. 44-5, 108-13.

"Trip West"
(review of L. Fiedler, THE RETURN OF THE VANISHING AMERICAN. NEW STATESMAN (Feb 28, 1969), pp. 297-8.

"The Muse Goes West: English Studies in the USA."
TES, 2805 (21 Feb 1969), p. 581 ("American Studies in Britain" no.)

"Mark Twain in the Gilded Age."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, XI,1 (Spring 1969, pp. 65-73).

"Common Fortune"
(review of criticism by Schorer, Tate, Allen). NEW STATESMAN (30 May 1969), p. 773.

"Finding Out"
(review of Thomas Wolfe reissue). NEW STATESMAN (18 July, 1969), pp. 86-7.

"Hemingway's Luck"
(lead review on Carlos Baker, ERNEST HEMINGWAY). THE LISTENER, 82, 2107 (14 Aug 1969), pp. 219-20.

"Universities, or Academic Freedom Reconsidered"
(review of two books). TLS. 3,525 (18 September 1969), pp. 1013-14 (unsigned).

"The Scenario for Modernism"
(lead review on books on Ezra Pound). NEW STATESMAN (19 September 1969), pp. 378-79.

"Dubliners"
(review of William Trevor, MRS ECKDORF IN O'NEILL'S HOTEL). NEW STATESMAN (3 October 1969), pp. 462-3.

"Lonely Passions"
(review of Malcolm Forster, JOYCE CARY; A BIOGRAPHY). NEW STATESMAN (28 November 1969), pp. 778-80.

"Sociology and Literary Studies 2: Romance and Reality in Maggie."
JOURNAL OF AMERICAN STUDIES, III, 1 (Winter 1969), pp. 111-21.

"Stranger Than Fact"
(review of Bernard Bergonzi, THE SITUATION OF THE NOVEL). NEW SOCIETY (5 March 1970), p. 407.

"Getting the Tone Right"
(review of Richard Hoggart, SPEAKING TO EACH OTHER). NEW STATESMAN (13 March, 1970), pp. 372-4.

"Fables and Fictions"
(lead review of fantasy novels, by Durrell, Vonnegut and Bradbury). NEW SOCIETY, 391 (26 Mar 1970), p. 529-30.

"Welsh Wain"
(review of John Wain, A WINTER IN THE HILLS). NEW STATESMAN (1 May 1970), p. 632.

"The Novel and Reality."
ENCOUNTER, XXXIV, 6 (June 1970), pp. 43-51. (Reprinted revised in POSSIBILITIES.)

"Pound of Flesh"
(review of Noel Stock, THE LIFE OF EZRA POUND). NEW STATESMAN (7 August 1970), pp. 156-7.

"West Coast Story"
(review of Richard Brautigan). NEW SOCIETY, 411 (13 Aug, 1970), p. 297.

"Composite Priestley"
(review of Susan Cooper, JB PRIESTLEY; PORTRAIT OF AN AUTHOR). NEW STATESMAN (11 September 1970), pp. 306-7.

"Dark Spark"
(review of Muriel Spark, THE DRIVER'S SEAT). NEW SOCIETY, 417 (24 Sept, 1970), p. 555.

"Snow's Bleak Landscape"
(review of C.P. Snow, LAST THINGS). NEW STATESMAN (30 October, 1970), pp. 566-67.

"A Culture Recalled"
(review of Rose Macauley, THE WRITINGS OF E.M. FORSTER). NEW SOCIETY (26 November, 1970), pp. 966-7.

{With David Cheshire}, "American Realism and the Romance of Europe: Fuller, Frederic, Harland."
PERSPECTIVES IN AMERICAN HISTORY, IV (1970), pp. 285-310.

"Our Writers Today: Who They Are, How They Live."
ENCOUNTER, XXXVI,2 & 3 (Feb. & March 1971), pp. 16-23, 15-26.

"Fanny Hill and the Comic Novel."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, XIII,3 (Autumn 1971), pp. 263-75. (Reprinted revised in POSSIBILITIES.)

"Minds Without Intellectual Baggage"
(review of Tony Tanner, CITY OF WORDS). NEW SOCIETY, 445 (8 April 1971), p. 597.

Review of Herman Hesse, KLINGSOR'S LAST SUMMER.
NEW SOCIETY, 467 (Sept 9, 1971), pp. 475-76.

"Signposts at Sea"
(review of David Lodge, THE NOVELIST AT THE CROSSROADS). NEW SOCIETY (30 September 1971), pp. 630-1.

Lead review of George Steiner, IN BLUEBEARD'S CASTLE.
NEW SOCIETY, 472 (Oct 14, 1971), pp. 730-31.

"Radio Drama"
(account of writing radio play). PLAYS AND PLAYERS (January 1972), p. 64.

"A Story of O"
(review of Claude Simon, THE BATTLE OF PHARSALUS). NEW SOCIETY, 479 (2 December 1971), pp. 1102-3.

Review of Alfred Andersch, EFRAIM'S BOOK.
NEW SOCIETY, 489 (Feb 10, 1972), p. 300.

Review of Bernard Malamud, THE TENANTS.
NEW SOCIETY, 495 (23 March 1972), p. 609.

Review of Philip Norman, WILD THING.
NEW SOCIETY, 22, 530 (30 November, 1972), p 526.

"Muriel Spark's Fingernails."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY, XIV,3 (Autumn 1972), pp. 241-50. (Reprinted revised in POSSIBILITIES and NO, NOT BLOOMSBURY)

"Romantic Return"
(review of Mark Roberts, THE TRADITION OF ROMANTIC MORALITY). NEW SOCIETY, 545 (15 March 1973), p. 605.

"Unhappy Families Are All Alike (I. Compton Burnett)."
ENCOUNTER, XLI,1 (July 1973), pp. 71-4. (Reprinted revised in NO, NOT BLOOMSBURY)

* "A Goodbye for Evadne Winterbottom"
(short story). ENCOUNTER, XLI, 6 (Dec 1973), pp. 3-11.

* "Who Do You Think You Are?"
(short story). NOVA (April 1974), pp. 86-92.

"Not Dead But Fled"
(article on the state of fiction). NEW FICTION SOCIETY, 1 (October 1974), pp. 3-4.

"Inside USA"
(review of John Dos Passos, THE FOURTEENTH CHRONICLE). NEW STATESMAN (Oct 11, 1974), pp. 508-9.

"The Cities of Modernism."
REVUE DES LANGUAGES VIVANTES, XL (1974), pp. 442-8. (Reprinted revised in MODERNISM, London, 1976)

"Leaving the Fifties (Contemporary American Fiction").
ENCOUNTER, XLV,1 (July 1975), pp. 40-51.

"Dog Days"
(review of Burton Bernstein, THURBER: A BIOGRAPHY). THE SPECTATOR, 7684 (Oct 4, 1975), pp. 443-44.

"The It and the We: Saul Bellow's Humboldt's Gift."
ENCOUNTER, XLV,5 (Nov 1975), pp. 61-7

"The History Man"
(excerpt from novel). HARPERS AND QUEEN (December 1975), pp. 142-45, 244.

"Lionel Trilling: The End of the Journey"
(obit). NEW STATESMAN (Nov 14, 1975), p. 619.

"Problems"
(review of Donald Davie, EZRA POUND). THE SPECTATOR, 7694 (Dec 13, 1975), p. 762.

* "Composition"
(short story). ENCOUNTER, XLVI, 3 (March 1976), pp. 3-15.

"Don's Diary."
THES, 228 (5 March, 1976), p. 5.

"East of Eden"
(lead review on John Steinbeck). NEW STATESMAN, (12 Mar, 1976), pp. 328-9.

"Who's Afraid of Georgie Girl?"
(lead review on Ruby Redinger, GEORGE ELIOT: THE EMERGENT SELF). NEW STATESMAN, (19 March 1976), pp. 361-62.

"A Respectable Reprobate: John O"Hara."
TLS, 3872 (28 May 1976), p. 633.

* "Nobody Here In England"
(short story). ENCOUNTER, XLV!, 6 (June 1976), pp. 3-14.

"Hello, Dollar"
(review of William Gaddis, JR). NEW STATESMAN (18 June, 1976), pp. 820-21.

"Past Important"
(long article on the 1950s). THE TIMES (Aug 7, 1976), p. 7.

"The Shock Troops of Modernism"
(essay on little magazines). TLS, 3892 (15 Oct, 1976), pp. 1276-77.

"For Whom the Bells Toll"
(lead review on Mary Hemingway, HOW IT WAS). NEW STATESMAN (25 March 1977), p. 402.

"Dangerous Pilgrimages: Transatlantic Images in Fiction"
(3 articles). ENCOUNTER, XLVII,6, XLVIII,2; XLVIII,5 (Dec 1976; Feb 1977; May 1977), pp. 57-67, 50-65, 56-71.

"Saul Bellow and the Nobel Prize."
JOURNAL OF AMERICAN STUDIES, XI, 1 (April 1977), pp. 3-12.

"Made in Heaven"
(review of John Updike, MARRY ME). NEW STATESMAN (29 April 1977), pp. 568-69.

"All My Own Work"
(article on work in writing). OBSERVER (12 June, 1977), p. 11.

"Havernization"
(Op Ed article). NEW YORK TIMES (29 Sept 1977), p. A23.

"In Rooms Apart"
(revew of John Sturrock, PAPER TIGERS; THE IDEAL FICTIONS OF BORGES). NEW STATESMAN (20 Jan, 1978), pp. 85-6.

"Second Countries: The Expatriate Tradition in American Literature."
THE YEARBOOK OF ENGLISH STUDIES, VIII, 1978 (American Lit. special number), pp. 15-39.

"F.R. Leavis."
NEW STATESMAN (21 April 1978), p. 537.

"Dreaming Ego"
(review of Cleanth Brooks, WILLIAM FAULKER: TOWARD YOKNAPATAWPHA COUNTY). NEW STATESMAN (July 21, 1978), pp. 90-91.

"The Semi-Isle"
(review of Iris Murdoch, THE SEA, THE SEA). NEW STATESMAN (25 Aug., 1978), pp. 246-7.

"The Wound and the Bow"
(lead review on Hemingway and Fitzgerald). NEW STATESMAN (27 Oct, 1978), p. 549.

"Fiction: Situating Novels"
(essay on current British fiction). BENNINGTON REVIEW, 2 (Sept 1978), pp. 84-7.

"Second Countries: The Expatriate Tradition in American Writing."
YEARBOOK OF ENGLISH STUDIES, VIII (1978), pp. 15-39 ("American Literature" issue).

"A Dog Engulfed by Sand: Abstraction and Irony in Literature"
(2 articles). ENCOUNTER, LI,5, LII,1 (Nov 1978; Jan 1979), pp. 51-9, 36-42. (Reprinted revised in NO, NOT BLOOMSBURY).

"Trouble in the Funhouse: Writer and Critic."
LONDON MAGAZINE, XVIII,12 (March 1979), pp. 34-42. (Reprinted revised in NO, NOT BLOOMSBURY).

"Better Times"
(review of John Cheever, STORIES). NEW STATESMAN (29 June 1979), pp. 956-7.

"Inspeak"
(a detailed guide to psycho-babble), TATLER, 276,4 (March 1980), pp. 116-120.

"An Age of Parody."
ENCOUNTER, LV,1 (July 1980), pp. 38-53. (Reprinted revised in NO, NOT BLOOMSBURY).

"My County: Malcolm Bradbury's Norfolk."
THE TATLER, 278, 12 (November 1980), p. 22.

"Chips Off the Old Block"
(review of Kingsley Amis, COLLECTED SHORT STORIES). OBSERVER (23 Nov, 1980), p. 28.

"A Broad Church"
(on postmodernism, review of Christopher Butler, AFTER THE WAKE). QUARTO. 13 (December 1980), p. 13.

"L'avantguardia americana e l'avvento del modernismo, 1890-1930."
RIVISTA DI STUDI ANGLO-AMERICANI, I,1 (1981), pp. 23-48 (trans. Michela Vanon).

"Modern Literary Theory: Its Place in Teaching."
TLS, 4062 (6 Feb, 1981), p. 137.

"The Tense Preoccupation of Ism and Wasm"
(first in series of arts. on intellectual iconography; on USA). THES, 432 (13 Feb, 1981), p. 13.

"On Being Adapted."
LITERARY REVIEW, XXXV (April 1981), pp. 3-7.

"The Bonds of Naturalism"
(review of G. Brandt, BRITISH TELEVISION DRAMA). TLS, 4075 (8 May 1981), p. 513.

"From Robbins to Sado-Monetarism"
(universities in the 80s). DAILY TELEGRAPH (August 25, 1981).

"Keep Write On"
(review of fiction writing manuals). QUARTO, 24 (December 1981), p. 15.

"The Dean's December"
(on Saul Bellow). BOOKS AND BOOKMEN (Feb 1982), pp. 5-6.

"Style of Life, Style of Art."
THE HEMINGWAY REVIEW, I, 2 (Spring 1982: Special British Issue), pp. 58-61.

"Defying Gravity"
(review of Clive Sinclair, BEDBUGS). QUARTO, 30/31 (July/Aug, 1982), p. 10.

"Struggling Westward: America and the Coming of Modernism"
(2 articles). ENCOUNTER, LX, 1 & 2 (Jan & Feb, 1983), pp. 55-60, 57-65.

"Stepping Westward"
(account of writing novel). TATLER, 278, 5 (May 1983), pp. 98-9, 135.

"Rates of Exchange"
(extract from new novel). ENCOUNTER, LX, 4 (April 1983), pp. 3-10.

"Rates of Exchange"
(excerpts from new novel). HARPER'S AND QUEEN (April 1983), pp. 72-76.

"The Change in Fiction"
(new realism in the novel). ENCOUNTER, LXI,1 (July-Aug, 1983), pp. 72-9.

"Superman of Letters"
(Times Profile, Angus Wilson). THE TIMES (11 Aug, 1983), p. 6.

Still Running with the Rabbit"
(Times Profile, John Updike). THE TIMES (1 Sept 1983), p. 8.

"The Sacred and Profane Fitzgerald"
(essay-review re Andre Le Vot, F. SCOTT FITZGERALD). BOOKS AND BOOKMEN (May 1984), pp. 8-9.

"The American Way of Writing"
(lead review, on A. Kazin, AN AMERICAN PROCESSION, WASHINGTON POST, BOOK WORLD (6 May, 1984), p. 1,8-9.

"Return of the Angry Old Turk"
(Times Profile, Kingsley Amis). THE TIMES (17 May 1984), p. 10.

Designed to Last"
(article on "The Library of America"). OBSERVER (10 June 1984), p. 22.

"In the Hot Seat"
(review of Gore Vidal, LINCOLN). OBSERVER (23 September 1984), p. 22.

"Ezra Pound and Treason"
(on Pound in St. Elizabeth's, Washington). ENCOUNTER, LXI,1 (Dec 1984), pp. 47-53.

"A Moment of True Feeling"
(review of Peter Handke, SLOW HOMECOMING). NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (4 Aug, 1985), p. 11.

"Tender Tragedy"
(filming TENDER IS THE NIGHT). OBSERVER MAGAZINE (15 Sept 1985), pp. 27-8.

"Italo Calvino"
(on his death). SUNDAY TIMES (November 1985).

"Scenes from an Evening's Revelry"
(review of Robert Coover, GERALD'S PARTY). WASHINGTON POST, BOOK WORLD (19 Dec, 1985), p. 5.

"Land of the Go-Between: Undiscovered Country."
COUNTRY HOMES AND INTERIORS (May 1986), pp. 59-62.

"Fading Utopias"
(on Andrew Sinclair, THE RED AND THE BLUE: INTELLIGENCE, TREASON AND THE UNIVERSITIES). LITERARY REVIEW (July 1986), pp. 13-4.

"How to Keep the Brains of Britain"
(on the brain drain to USA). DAILY TELEGRAPH (20 Jan, 1987), p. 12.

"The Nonhomemade World: European and American Modernism."
AMERICAN QUARTERLY, 39,1 (Spring 1987), pp. 27-36.

"Connolly's Parlour Game"
(review essay on Cyril Connolly's 100 KEY BOOKS OF THE MODERN MOVEMENT). LITERARY REVIEW (Feb 1987), pp. 37-8.

"The Last Straw: MB on Giving Up the American campus."
PUNCH (June 24, 1987), pp. 20-1.

"The Story Is In the Struggle"
(review of Paul Auster, NEW YORK TRILOGY). SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS (29 Nov 1987), p. 5.

"A Century's Exhausted End"
(symposium on Cold War). ENCOUNTER, LXIX, 5 (Dec 1987), pp. 17-20.

"Nelson's Norfolk and Beyond"
(Undiscovered Country). COUNTRY HOMES AND INTERIORS (May 1986), pp. 54-59.

"Desert Island Books."
BOOKS MAGAZINE (Jan 1988).

"The Celluloid Collar"
(adapting novels for tv). THE LISTENER, 119, 3060 (28 April 1988), pp. 22-3.

"If Your Books Are Funny, Please Tell Me Where"
(on campus fiction). NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (17 July 1988), pp. 1, 24-6.

(Review of Kingsley Amis, DIFFICULTIES WITH GIRLS.)
TIMES (Sept 1988).

"Turn On, Tune In, Drop Off"
(review of D.J. Enright, FIELDS OF VISION). SUNDAY TIMES BOOKS (13 Nov 1988), p. 17.

"Mrs Thatcher's Children"
(article on impact of Thatcherism on the new generation). NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE (11 December 1988), pp. 44,46,48,66,67.

"Hunting the Silver Tomb"
(exploring the Eastern Mediterranean). SUNDAY TIMES TRAVEL SECTION (12 Feb, 1989).

"Silicon Fen"
(science parks and Thatcherism). THE OBSERVER MAGAZINE (23 April 1989), pp. 18-21. ("Thatcher's Monuments" number).

"City Life and Brain Damage"
(review of Donald Barthelme, SIXTY STORIES.) SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS (April 1989), p. G6.

"What Will the Nineties Bring?"
(fiction of the 80s), THE TIMES, Op Ed page (22 July, 1989), p. 10.

"Aphrodisiacs for a New Age."
SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, SEVEN DAYS (23 July 1989), p. 38.

(Review of Anne Bernays, PROFESSOR ROMEO.)
NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (23 July, 1989).

"Speaking the Prince's English"
(language problems in Britain). NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE (24 Sept 1989), pp. 46,64,68.

(Review of Umberto Eco, FOUCAULT'S PENDULUM).
SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS (October 1989).

The Courtship Dance: On Giving and Getting Books"
(essay). NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (3 December 1989), pp. 7,41.

(Review of O.D. Hardison, DISAPPEARING THROUGH THE SKYLIGHT.)
NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (December 1989).

"The 1890s: Two Interpreters."
ENGLISH LITERATURE IN TRANSITION, 1880-1920 (n.s., 4, 1990), pp. 35-42.

"The Great Leap Forward"
(article on fiction in the 90s). SUNDAY CORRESPONDENT GUIDE TO THE ARTS 1990 (Jan 1990), pp. 8-9.

"Write Angles: Notes in the Margin"
(from text of my TV programme about fiction and culture in the Thatcherite 80s). THE LISTENER (15 February 1990), pp. 8-9.

"Keep Smiling Through"
(review of V. Aksyonov, SAY CHEESE). SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS (25 March 1990), p. 7.

"The Text as a Crime"
(Umberto Eco's Tanner Lectures). TLS (30 March 1990), p. 344.

"Into the Labyrinth"
(article on TV series). 20/20 (July 1990), p. 38-9.

"Seduced by those television types"
(humour, on writing for TV). THE GUARDIAN, 31 May, 1990), p. 30.

"First Impressions"
(on Nottingham). GUARDIAN (30 August, 1990), p. 23.

"Professor Marcus Cunliffe"
(obituary). THE INDEPENDENT (4 September 1990), p. 14.

"Silent Witness"
(a journey on the Danube). SUNDAY TIMES, TRAVEL (16 September, 1990), p. 7.

"The World After the Wake"
(article on the end of "the Modern"). GUARDIAN (20 September 1990), p. 25.

"The Ghost Writer"
(on Amis's THE GREEN MAN, adapted for tv). SUNDAY CORRESPONDENT (28 October 1990).

"Heroes and Villains: E.M. Forster."
THE INDEPENDENT MAGAZINE (1 Dec 1990), p. 86.

"Frontiers of the Imagination"
(on the novel in the Nineties). THE GUARDIAN (15 Dec., 1990).

"John Rosenberg"
(obituary). INDEPENDENT (22 Jan 1991), p. 27.

"Little Sir Ecu" (on the EC and the future of British currency).
THE TIMES, SATURDAY REVIEW (2 Feb 1991), pp. 10-12.

"All Aboard for the New Europe"
(article on the EC). NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE (3 February 1991), 22-3, 52.

"The Scholar Who Misread History"
(review article on Paul de Man). NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (24 Feb 1991), p. 9.

"Father and Son"
(review of Philip Roth, PATRIMONY). SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS (28 April 1991), p. 6.

"Nothing But a Writer"
(Ford Madox Ford). NEW YORK REVIEW OF BOOKS, XXXVIII,10 (30 May 1991), pp. 28-30.

"Norwich Does Different"
(article on Norwich). THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS (Summer 1991), pp. 28-33.

"Angus Wilson"
(obit). THE INDEPENDENT (1 June 1991).

"Hard Times Ahead for the Beetroot Republic"
(on Eastern Europe). DAILY TELEGRAPH (28 Oct 1991), p. 15.

"Hungarian Fixer" (excerpt from DOCTOR CRIMINALE).
FINANCIAL TIMES, WEEKEND (29/30 December, 1991), p. 1, 13.

"Dr Criminale, I Presume" (2nd excerpt from DOCTOR CRIMINALE).
FINANCIAL TIMES, WEEKEND (4/5 January 1992), p. 14.

"The Bridgeable Gap"
(on literary theory and creative writing). TLS, 4633 (17 Jan 1992), pp.7-8. ("90th Anniversary" issue).

"A Vital Realist"
(review of J. Updike, ODD JOBS). SUNDAY TIMES BOOKS (19 Jan 1992), p. 5.

"Swanning Around"
(article on Iberia in 1992). SUNDAY TIMES, TRAVEL SECTION (26 Jan., 1992), p. 7.

"In the Time of the Watchmaker God" (review of A. Kurzweil, A CASE OF CURIOSITIES).
NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (26 Jan 1992), pp. 1, 25.

"The House Where I Grew Up"
(article). TELEGRAPH MAGAZINE (19 Feb 1992), p. 74.

"Isn't That Spatial?"
(review of Fredric Jameson, POSTMODERNISM), NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW, April 1992), pp.

"Closer to Chaos: American Fiction in the 1980s."
TLS, 4651 (22 May 1992), pp. 17-18. (USA Special Number).

"Extra-Curricular Antipathies"
(on schooldays). THE TIMES, SATURDAY MAGAZINE (5 September 1992), pp.

"American Literature"
(article on the importance of American writing). EL PAIS (Special Columbus year issue) (October 1992.) (Subsequently reprinted in book form by EL PAIS).

(with David Lodge) "'Laughing Matter'': The Comic Novel in English."
MODERNA SPRAK (Sweden) (LXXXVI, 1), 1992.

"Schools and the Condom Culture."
THE DAILY MAIL (26 March, 1993), p. 6.

"The Potent Mixture of Guns and God" (on the Waco siege).
THE DAILY MAIL (5 March, 1993), p. 6.

"In Praise of Tykes" (on Yorkshire). THE DAILY MAIL (7 April 1993).
(Also broadcast on BBC World Service.)

"Lost Dreams of an Old Apparatchik" (review of Ivan Klima, JUDGE ON TRIAL).
NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (18 April 1993), p. 1, 29.

"A University Town Cast in Gold" (on Salamanca).
THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE; THE SOPHISTICATED TRAVELLER (16 May 1993), pp. 76-83, 104.

"Physicality."
THE INDEPENDENT MAGAZINE (22 May 1993), pp. 16-17.

"Running Free" (travel on the River Elbe).
SUNDAY TIMES, STYLE AND TRAVEL SECTION (23 May 1993), p. 30-31.

"The Eternal Master: Sir William Golding"
(obit). SUNDAY EXPRESS (20 June, 1993), p. 50.

"William Golding"
(article). THE TIMES (21 June, 1993), p. 3.

"Honoris Causa" (on honorary degrees).
THE GUARDIAN (22 June, 1993), p.

"American Dreams" (on the impact of American fiction in Britain).
SUNDAY TIMES BOOKS (4 July, 1993), pp. 8-9.

"No Wonder the Middle Classes are Switching Off" (on the state of the TV industry).
DAILY MAIL (22 July, 1993), p. 8.

"Shaking Off the Dust of Provence"
(on TV drama). THE GUARDIAN (27 July, 1993), p. 16.

"The Novel After the War"
(review of D.J. Taylor). SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS (1993).

"Why the Truth Can Never Be an Easy Option"
(on the papal encyclical). DAILY MAIL (7 October, 1993), p. 8.

"Requiem for a True Rogue"
(on the end of TV's MINDER). DAILY MAIL, 9 October 1993, p. 8.

"First Column."
SUNDAY EXPRESS (24 October, 1993), p. 1.

"The Booker of Bookers."
THE TIMES (Special Supplement, 21 September, 1993), p. 3.

"The Man With a Story for Everything"
(review of Rafik Schami, DAMASCUS NIGHTS). NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (7 November 1993), p. 13.

"Polymath European in a Provincial Time"
(article on Anthony Burgess). THE EUROPEAN, ELAN MAGAZINE (3-9 December, 1993), p. 4.

"Critical Years: Some Thoughts on Brian Cox and CQ."
CRITICAL QUARTERLY (35,4) (Winter 1993), pp. 31-40.

"The Matisse Stories"
(review of A.S. Byatt). SUNDAY EXPRESS (December 1993).

"To Tell the Truth About Fiction"
(essay on fiction in the modern world). SUNDAY TIMES, CULTURE (2 January 1994), pp. 10-11.

"The Novel in Britain."
THE EUROPEAN (January, 1994).

"Body & Soul"
(review of Frank Conroy), MAIL ON SUNDAY (January, 1994).

"Nationality and Culture."
THE DAILY TELEGRAPH MAGAZINE (19 February, 1994).

"Sartre During the War"
(review of Sartre's wartime letters). SUNDAY EXPRESS (27 February, 1994).

"The Main Chance"
(travelling on the River Main). SUNDAY TIMES STYLE AND TRAVEL (17 April 1994), pp. 40-41.

"Moon Shot"
(story). DAILY MAIL (23 April 1994), pp. 28-9.

Review of V.S. Naipaul, A WAY IN THE WORLD.
SUNDAY EXPRESS (8 May 1994).

"For Better or Verse" (on the state of poetry).
DAILY MAIL (12 May, 1994), p. 56.

"The Street Where I Was Born."
DAILY MAIL (21 May, 1994), p. 39.

"Beward the False Prophets of Evil" (on satanic abuse cases).
DAILY MAIL (3 June, 1994), p.8.

"The American Dream Home" (on American ideas of Europe).
THE GUARDIAN, 25 June, 1994), p. 27.

"When Best Doesn't Mean Good"
(on bestsellers). EVENING STANDARD (7 July, 1994), pp. 27, 29.

"A Changing Language"
(printed lecture). TSB FORUM LECTURE SERIES (London, 1994).

"Who's English Is It Anyway?"
(the English language). EVENING STANDARD (28 July 1994), p. 9.

"Campus Problems"
(state of universities). DAILY MAIL (11 August 1994).

"Eschew the Estuary"
(contemporary speech). THE TIMES (1 Sept., 1994).

"Being There"
(essay review of Bellow, IT ALL ADDS UP). SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS (11 Sept., 1994), pp. 1,2.

"The Stately Homes of TV England."
DAILY MAIL (10 Sept 1994)

Book review, Kingsley Amis, YOU CAN'T DO BOTH.
SUNDAY EXPRESS (18 Sept, 1994)

"Harriet Harvey Wood."
DAILY TELEGRAPH (24 Sept, 1994).

"Bloom's List" (the Western canon).
DAILY TELEGRAPH (11 October 1994).

"The Death of Everything"
(death of the novel). THE INDEPENDENT (12 Oct 1994), p. 24.

"Cover to Coverage"
(on tv books programmes). THE INDEPENDENT (27 Oct 1994), p. 29.

"Happy Endings"
(on tv drama). DAILY MAIL (4 November 1994).

"Why Our Television Will Never Be the Same Again."
DAILY MAIL (5 December 1994), p. 42.

"The Grand National"
(on national cultural institutions). THE INDEPENDENT (14 December 1994), p. 24.

"To Begin at the Beginning"
(25 years of creative writing course). THE INDEPENDENT (30 December 1994), p. 20.

"Farm Favourite"
(on my TV adaptation of COLD COMFORT FARM for the BBC). RADIO TIMES (31 December, 1994 - 6 January 1995), pp. 30-32.

"The Man Who Shot W.H. Auden"
(review, Graham Greene, A WORLD OF MY OWN). NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW (8 January 1995), pp. 15-16.

"Why Crime Pays"
(on TV crime series). DAILY MAIL ( January, 1995).

"Is there a Critic in the House?"
THE INDEPENDENT (25 January, 1995).

"Buford's People" (on GRANTA).
THE INDEPENDENT (February 1995).

"The Cost of Loving."
MAIL ON SUNDAY (February, 1995).

"The Heart of Rutland"
(Undiscovered Country). COUNTRY HOMES AND INTERIORS (March 1995), pp. 112-14.

"My First Love"
(on Jean Rook). DAILY MAIL (11 March, 1995), p. 39.

"Another View: Writing – a critical condition"
(Op Ed art). INDEPENDENT (22 March, 1995), p. 18.

"Forget the Hype, Feel the Breadth"
(lead review of Martin Amis, THE INFORMATION). THE TIMES (23 March, 1995), p. 33.

"A Lorra Laughs"
(Saturday Essay, on downmarket participation TV). DAILY MAIL (1 April, 1995), pp. 8-9.

"Water Into Wine"
(travel article on the Rhone). THE SUNDAY TIMES, TRAVEL SECTION (2 April, 1995), pp. 1-2.

Review of Robertson Davies, THE CUNNING MAN.
THE MAIL ON SUNDAY ( April, 1995), .

"Stuck in the Middle"
("Male Menopause"). THE SUNDAY TIMES, CULTURE SECTION (9 April, 1995), pp. 8-9.

"On the Shelf" (on Evelyn Waugh, VILE BODIES).
SUNDAY TIMES, BOOKS SECTION (16 April, 1995), p. 7.

"Fabulous Forever"
(article abt tv show ABSOLUTELY FABULOUS). DAILY MAIL (13 May, 1995).

"No More Shelf Life?" (on the Encyclopedia Britannica).
SUNDAY TIMES, CULTURE SECTION (21 May, 1995), p. 12.

Lead review of Margaret Drabble, ANGUS WILSON.
COUNTRY LIVING (June, 1995), p. 147.

"Desperate Laughter"
(on humour conference). INDEPENDENT, SECTION 2 (12 June, 1995), p. 7.

"Whatever Happened to F.R. Leavis?"
SUNDAY TIMES, CULTURE SECTION (9 July, 1995), pp. 14-15.

"May Sarton"
(obit). DAILY TELEGRAPH, August, 1995, p. .

"The New Map of Learning,"
DAILY MAIL, August 1995, p. .

"Why Our Comic Genius Always Leaves Us With the Last Laugh"
(on British humour), DAILY MAIL (Saturday Essay), 19 August, 1995, pp. 8-9.

Review of Kingsley Amis, The BIOGRAPHER'S MOUSTACHE.
MAIL ON SUNDAY, 27 August, 1995, p. .

"Moor magic in the motherland"
(lead review of Salman Rushdie, THE MOOR'S LAST SIGH). TIMES, 31 August, 1995, p. 33.

"Rebirth of the Novel"
(on creative writing, etc.) LETTERS: THE JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE, 6, Summer 1995, pp. 3-5.

"2020"
(unemployment in the future). MIRROR ON SUNDAY, 24 September, 1995.

"The Price Goes Down – The Cost Goes Up"
(on the Net Book Agreement). DAILY TELEGRAPH, 27 September, 1995, p. 21.

"What Was Post-Modernism?: The Arts in and after the Cold War."
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (Special 7th anniversary issue), 71, 4 (1995), pp. 763-774.

"Whose English is it anyway?"
CONCORD (Joutnal of theEnglish-Speaking Union), 3 (November 1995-May 1996), pp. 30-31.

"Class Act"
(on UEA Creative Writing Course), TELEGRAPH MAGAZINE, 7 October, 1995, pp. 34-41.

"The Angry Young Man Who Became a Raging Old Devil"
(on Kingsley Amis, obit.) DAILY MAIL, 23 October, 1995, pp. 20-21.

"The Afterlife of Kingsley Amis,"
INDEPENDENT, 28 October, 1995, Part 2, p. 5.

"Pride and Prejudice – and Profit,"
DAILY TELEGRAPH, 30 October, 1995, p. 5.

"From Here to Modernity"
(revised version of INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS article), PROSPECT, December, 1995, pp.

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